Risken för återfall till krig i Nagorno-Karabakh 2013

…är temat på en analys jag skriver idag i Kungliga Krigsvetenskapsakademins blogg Försvar & Säkerhet.

One thought on “Risken för återfall till krig i Nagorno-Karabakh 2013

  1. Hej,

    Armenien har börjad krig mot Azerbaijan 1985-1987, när cirka 11.000 etniska Azeri och Kurder flydde Armenien som resultat av etnisk rensning i Gukark, Gafan, Meghri. Kriget trappades upp 1988-1994.

    Armeniens aggression mot Azerbaijan orsakade skador på $22 billion dollars.

    20% av Azerbaijan är ockuperade de sista 20 år:

    -Nagorno-Karabakh ;

    – 7 regions omkring Karabakh (Aghdam, Fizuli, Djabrail, Zangelan, Gubadly, Lachin and Kelbajar);

    – 4 regioner som har gränser med Armenien (Gazakh, Agstafa, Tovuz and Gedabey);

    – 4 regioner som har gränser med “Line of contact” (Ter-Ter, Goranboy, Agdjabedi and Beylagan);

    Totalt: 17,000 sq.km. (10,563 sq. miles)

    “As a result of the continuing conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh, Armenian military forces occupy a portion of the territory of Azerbaijan”.‖ Source: Criteria for U.S. Assistance Under Section 498a(A) of the Foreign Assistance Act. Armenia. U.S. Government Assistance to and Cooperative Activities with Eurasia – FY 2003, Released by the Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs, January 2004, http://www.state.gov/p/eur/rls/rpt/c13148.htm

    Azerbajdzjaniers kongress i Sverige (Riksförbundet) undrar:

    Stödjer du eller stödjer du inte följande resolutioner, som kräver ovillkorligt tillbakadragande av armeniska trupper från ockuperade azerbajdzjanska territorier för att tillåta flyktingar att återvända till sina hem?

    fyra FN: s säkerhetsråds resolutioner 822, 853, 874 och 884 (1);

    PACE resolution 1416 http://www.azembassy.ca/documents/conflict/pace_resolution.pdf

    PACE Report 2005 http://www.azembassy.ca/documents/conflict/pace_report.pdf

    FN: s generalförsamlings resolution från 62th session (2008) http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=25986&Cr=general&Cr1=assembly

    2. Stödjer du EU-Parlamentet´s resolution från 20 May 2010 ?

    http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?pubRef=-//EP//TEXT+TA+P7-TA-2010-0193+0+DOC+XML+V0//EN (European parliament) “ Is seriously concerned that hundreds of thousands of refugees and IDPs who fled their homes during or in connection with the Nagorno-Karabakh war remain displaced and denied their rights, including the right to return, property rights and the right to personal security; …demands, in this regard, the withdrawal of Armenian forces from all occupied territories of Azerbaijan… and allow the displaced persons to return to their home”;

    Enlig NATO (Brussel 2008) and OSCE (1996 Lisbon Summit) måste Nagorno-Karabakhs konflikt lösas enlig principen om den territoriala integriteten. Stödjer du det eller inte?

    Final Communiqué -Meeting of the North Atlantic Council at the level of Foreign Ministers held at NATO Headquarters, Brussels -December 2008

    “We continue to support the territorial integrity, independence and sovereignty of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and the Republic of Moldova”. http://mfa.gov.az/images/stories/downloads/final.pdf

    F öre detta USA president W.J. Clinton fördömde Armeniens occupation av Azerbaijan . Håller du med honom eller inte?

    ”―The actions taken by the government of Armenia in the context of the conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh are inconsistent with the territorial integrity and national sovereignty principles of the Helsinki Final Act. Armenia supports Nagorno-Karabakh separatists in Azerbaijan both militarily and financially. Nagorno-Karabakh forces, assisted by units of the Armenian armed forces, currently occupy the Nagorno-Karabakh region and surrounding areas in Azerbaijan”‖ Source: William J. Clinton, President of the United States of America, Presidential Determination (PD) PD No. 98-11 of January 26, 1998 and No. 99-8 of December 8, 1998, Memorandum for the Secretary of State, Re: “Assistance Program for the New Independent States of the Former Soviet Union”).

    Armenier kallar Baroness Ashton ”stupid” för att hon underströk att Kosovo´s fall skiljer sig från Karabakh och kallade valet i Nagorno-karabakh ”illegal”.

    Håller du med Council of Europe and Baroness Ashton of Upholland eller inte?

    “The 43-nation Council of Europe today called on the Nagorno-Karabakh de facto authorities to refrain from staging the one-sided “local self-government elections” in the province, planned for 5 September. “These so-called ‘elections’ cannot be legitimate,” stressed Council of Europe Committee of Ministers’ Chairman and Liechtenstein Foreign Minister Ernst Walch, Parliamentary Assembly President Lord Russell-Johnston and Secretary General Walter Schwimmer.‖ Source: Council of Europe urges Nagorno-Karabakh to refrain from ”elections”, Council of Europe, Strasbourg, 24/08/2001, http://assembly.coe.int/ASP/Press/StopPressView.asp?ID=1247

    ―Questions Asked by Lord Maginnis of Drumglass: To ask Her Majesty’s Government what is their response to the statement on 21 May by the High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Baroness Ashton of Upholland, that the recent elections in the Azerbaijani territory of Nagorno Karabakh were illegal.

    The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Howell of Guildford): The UK fully supports the statement made by Baroness Ashton on 21 May in relation to the recent Nagorno Karabakh “elections”. The UK does not recognise Nagorno Karabakh as a state and consequently does not recognise the constitutional and legal framework within which these “elections” were held. Baroness Ashton’s statement was made on behalf of the EU, on the basis of recommendations from EU ambassadors in Baku and member state representatives in Brussels, including the UK. Similar statements have been made by the EU in relation to previous “elections” in Nagorno Karabakh.‖ Source: Nagorno Karabakh, Hansard (the Official Report), UK Parliament, House of Lords, 21 Jun 2010: Column WA150, HL421-HL422, http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201011/ldhansrd/text/100621w0002.htm

    United Nations Charter förbjuder “the use of force against the territorial integrity of any state.” Charter of the United Nations, Article 2, Section 4.

    Varför I så fall fördömer inte Svenska Riksdag Armenien, som kränker internationella lagar de sista 20 år och ignorerar alla UN:s och EU:s resolutioner?

    Referencer:

    1, UN Security Council Resolution 822 http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N93/247/71/IMG/N9324771.pdf?OpenElement

    UN Security Council Resolution 853 http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N93/428/34/IMG/N9342834.pdf?OpenElement;

    UN Security Council Resolution 874 http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N93/557/41/PDF/N9355741.pdf?OpenElement;

    UN Security Council Resolution 884 http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N93/631/20/PDF/N9363120.pdf?OpenElement;

    UN General Assembly A/RES/48/114 http://www.un.org/documents/ga/res/48/a48r114.htm

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